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B

Behaviorist:  Behaviorism is a learning theory that views learning as the formation of habits.  A behaviorist perspective on language acquisition suggests that it is very important that students get lots of repetitive, productive practice with new grammar or lexis so that they acquire the ‘habit’ of producing the structures and/or lexis.  Because behaviorism views language learning as habit formation, even small errors are usually corrected immediately in case learners get into ‘bad habits’.  Second Language Acquisition research has largely disproved behaviorism as a way to explain language learning. 

 

Behaviorist Learning Theory:  This is a theory of learning, developed by B F Skinner. It sees learning as the formation of habits. Environmental factors (input, teacher, classroom, etc.) are seen as more important than students’ mental or internal factors.

 

Bodily / Kinesthetic Intelligence:  Bodily/Kinesthetic Intelligence is one of the many types of intelligence described in multiple intelligence theory. People with significant bodily/kinesthetic intelligence may enjoy doing things rather than reading or hearing about them; these learners are good at making things and at physical activities in general.

 

Body Language:  Body language is the posture, gestures and mannerisms, and facial expressions which a person uses when communicating with others.

 

Bottom-up Approach to Language Comprehension and Production:  This approach focuses on teaching the micro-skills first (e.g., grammar, vocabulary, sentence structure), before asking learners to use the language (communication). The focus is on the various components of the language first. Students then have to fit these together in comprehending or producing language. See Top-down Approach to Language Comprehension and Production.

 
Brainstorming: Brainstorming is the productive, random generation of ideas based around a topic. There is no editing or ordering of these ideas. They may then be used as the basis for another activity such as writing or discussion.  For example, before a discussion about going on vacation, students can be asked to brainstorm all the places in the world they would like to visit. It is often done as a group or whole-class activity and individuals can also be asked to brainstorm ideas before sharing them with a partner or group.

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