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Gap Activity:  In a gap activity, students have different (pieces of) information.  In order to get all the information, they have to ask other students for what they have. After sharing information, students all have the same information.  Students have then completed the activity or can use the complete information to do another activity.  Gap activities involve students’ interacting with each other, asking and answering questions.

 
Genre: A genre is a category of literary composition characterized by a particular style, form, or content.  For example, the historical novel is one genre of fiction.
 
General Service List: A standard list of 2000 frequently-used words as compiled by Michael West.  It is regarded as a language core by many syllabus designers.
 
Gesture:  A gesture is a conventional sign that can be used to communicate.  For example, if a person gives the ‘thumbs up’ gesture, it usually means ‘good’ or ‘OK; someone holding their hand up in a classroom is a gesture that usually means, “I want to speak.”.    
 
Grading:  Grading refers to the order in which language items are taught.  Grading is usually based on moving from simple to complex; it may also be based on going from most frequent to least frequent.  Grading may reduce the difficulties of language learning because language is introduced in steps or stages.
 
Grammar-Translation: A method of teaching in which students mainly study and learn grammar rules and lists of vocabulary, and practice them by translating texts into the language they are learning or out of that language into their mother tongue.  This method is the way especially Latin and Greek have traditionally been taught.
 
Grapheme: Graphemes are the written symbols for sounds in language, for example the letters of an alphabet or characters used in picture writing (as in Japanese “kanji”).
 
Graphic Organizer:  A graphic organizer is a visual tool to help students organize their thinking, get new ideas, compare two or more items, visualize relationships, and/or to store information in a way that is visually easy to understand. There are many different kinds of graphic organizers.  Here are a few of the most common: 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                      

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                  Radial Diagram                                                          Venn Diagram

                                                                                                    

What I know

What I want to know

What I learned

 

 

 

 

 

 

                 Organization chart                                                              K-W-L chart                              

 

 

To see many more kinds of graphic organizers, follow this link:

 http://www.teachervision.fen.com/graphic-organizers/printable/6293.html  



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